NOTE: This article only applies to APA 6 and MLA 8 in PERRLA Online. Click here to see these instructions for APA 7 in PERRLA Online.
PERRLA Online makes it easy to add and adjust Headings in your APA and MLA papers.
Here's how it works:
- Type the text for a heading
- Highlight the heading text
- Click the Text Style drop-down
This is located on the very left of the second menu in the Editor tab. By default it will say "APA Paragraph" or "MLA Paragraph."
- Select a Heading Style
That's all there is to it!
A bit more about Heading Styles in APA & MLA...
Headings can be used in your paper to show where you start each section of your paper. They are like labels for your paper. There can be multiple levels of headings (APA uses five).
A heading level is a style of heading. Heading 1 is the largest (for major sections) while Heading 5 is the smallest (for the smallest sub-sections of papers). Unless you're writing a very long paper or dissertation, you will probably only ever use one or two Heading levels.
Always start with Heading 1, then add other Heading levels for sub-sections of that section. For instance, if I use Heading 1 for my first point "A History of Sasquatch", I'd only use Heading 2 for sub-sections of that section. I'd use another Heading 1 when I move into the next major section of the paper.
There are five headings recommended by the APA. Here's the formatting for each:
- Heading Level 1
bold, centered, uppercase and lowercase
- Heading Level 2
bold, flush left aligned, uppercase and lowercase
- Heading level 3. bold, indented, sentence-case, ends with a period, the heading is part of the first line of the paragraph.
- Heading level 4. bold, indented, italicized, sentence-case, ends with a period, the heading is part of the first line of the paragraph.
- Heading Level 5. italics, indented, sentence-case, ends with a period, the heading is part of the first line of the paragraph.
APA headings should not be numbered.
There are also five headings recommended for MLA.
- Heading Level 1: bold, flush left aligned
- Heading Level 2: italics, flush left aligned
- Heading Level 3: bold, center aligned
- Heading Level 4: italics, center aligned
- Heading Level 5: underlined, flush left aligned
The MLA also recommends that headings are numbered with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3...). Sub-sections contain the larger heading number, a decimal, and their own number (1.1, 2.1.5, 3.4...).
Headings should also always be on their own line within the text.