1. How PERRLA uses Microsoft Word's Table of Contents feature
PERRLA utilizes a customized version of Microsoft Word’s Table of Contents feature. This means that the Table of Contents created by PERRLA follows the same basic rules as a Table of Contents created by Microsoft Word (although PERRLA's will be perfectly formatted for APA/MLA papers).
PERRLA (via Microsoft Word) builds your Table of Contents from the Headings that you have included in your paper. These headings must be created using PERRLA's Change Format function and not formatted manually yourself.
The Table of Contents is created from the Headings already included in your paper and only shows the headings you have already formatted using PERRLA. As you add new Headings using PERRLA, your Table of Contents will be automatically updated by PERRLA.
2. How to create a Table of Contents with PERRLA
APA and MLA both include multiple heading levels for you to choose from when writing.
For APA, there are five levels of headings. Heading 1-2 are paragraph headings, meaning they change the format of their entire paragraph. Headings 3-5 are text headings that only affect the format of the selected text (typically at the beginning of a paragraph).
You follow the same steps for each of these heading styles.
Set your heading styles using PERRLA
- Type your heading text. If it is Heading 1-2, it should be on its own line (press Enter after it). If it's Heading 3-5, it can be the first part of a paragraph.
- Highlight the text you want to make a Heading.
- Click Change Format in the PERRLA menu in Word Add-Ins menu.
- Select the Heading style you need.
Remember, the Table of Contents is built from Headings formatted by PERRLA – not headings you create manually yourself.
Add a Table of Contents using PERRLA
- Go to the PERRLA menu in the Word Add-Ins tab.
- Click Create Table of Contents
- Optional: If you have already added an Abstract, you will be asked if you would like to add the Table of Contents before or after the Abstract.
And that's it!
You should now have a perfectly formatted Table of Contents in your paper.
Once you've added your Table of Contents, you can edit the Table of Content text as needed directly in the Table of Contents without affecting the headings in your paper.
If you add additional Headings in your paper, any edits you have made in the Table of Contents will be overwritten with the original pre-edited text.
This is because the Table of Contents is re-built by Microsoft every time you add a new PERRLA Heading. We suggest adding and editing the Table of Contents after you've added all of your Headings.